What Types Of Orthodontics Are There?

Many people go to the dentist because they need orthodontic treatment to correct problems of malocclusion and tooth malposition. Thanks to this set of techniques, the mouth recovers its functionality, and at the same time, an aesthetic improvement is achieved both in the mouth and in the face, which increases the quality of life of the patient. Although orthodontics can be worn from very early childhood, in recent years there has been an increase in adult demand, reaching almost 50% of patients at present.

Types of orthodontics

The orthodontic treatment can be carried out with removable or fixed devices. Removable appliances are those that can be removed at any time. When the children are placed in the growth phase, the objective is to modify the bone bases to correct the oododonetary discrepancies in time. On the other hand, in adults, it can only be performed with invisible orthodontics, which allows the modification of simple dental malpositions. Invisible orthodontics consist of transparent and aesthetic splints or plates that exert pressure on the teeth, causing them to rotate or move to improve occlusion.

On the other hand, the fixed devices are adhered to the surface of the teeth with resin and are stretched between them through a metal arch. This hoop applies a force that moves the teeth very precisely so that they are placed correctly. Within this typology, two techniques are distinguished: conventional and self-ligating methods.

The conventional technique can use metallic brackets or aesthetic brackets, which can be ceramic, fiberglass or sapphire. The latter are the most resistant and the most aesthetic since they are entirely transparent and adapt perfectly to the pained tone of each patient’s tooth.

Orthodontics with self-ligating brackets

Within this type of device, the most innovative technology is the Damon System, which achieves a broad and natural smile without the need to extract teeth or use palatine circuit breakers to have the necessary space.

The Damon System combines three essential elements:

  • Brackets without ligatures
  • Lightweight wires of the latest generation and with memory
  • A new approach to correct teeth more quickly and effectively and without complications

While conventional appliances have elastomeric ligatures, Damon devices work with a door mechanism that holds the arch, so that the teeth can move more quickly and comfortably and more freely. So, the Damon system is discreet, comfortable and easy to keep clean. Also, the patient also has the option of using transparent Damon devices in case their image concerns them.